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Orthopedic Specialties: Foot & Ankle

Foot and ankle anatomy

Foot and Ankle Anatomy


With 28 bones and 33 joints each, our feet are some of the most complex elements of our musculoskeletal system. The ankle has three bones that create the up-and-down and side-to-side movement of the feet, and its muscles, tendons, and ligaments allow for the complex movements needed for balance. Injury, congenital abnormalities, infection, arthritis, and even improper footwear can cause complex foot and ankle pain that is debilitating for everyday life. Our foot and ankle specialists work to restore or improve function and stability through a variety of treatments, including medication, immobilization, physical therapy, and surgical intervention.

Our Approach

Our foot and ankle team believes that understanding your unique symptoms and lifestyle goals is crucial to creating a successful treatment plan that meets your needs. This individualized care enables our specialists to focus on getting you moving again, so you can return to what matters most.

We believe in a conservative, comprehensive approach to treatment, utilizing minimally invasive measures whenever possible to help restore function and mobility to patients. In cases that require surgical intervention, we offer education and guidance to patients to help them make informed decisions about what’s best for them. Through this collaboration, we can help you get back to your life.

Leadership in Innovation

We believe the marriage of technology and medicine leads to safer, more effective treatment for healthier, happier patients. As a leader in emerging orthopedic technology, Ortho Rhode Island is pioneering state-of-the-art orthopedic tools and techniques:

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections  •  BioCartilage Procedures  •  Internal Brace Procedures

Foot & Ankle Specialists
Related Blog Posts

December 16, 2020/ Ankle & Foot / Arlene Kavanagh

Big toe. Big problems.

The big toe, or hallux, can have several pain generators. The pain can vary from annoying to debilitating. The first metatarsal phalangeal (MTP) joint is where the long bone (metatarsal) of the foot meets the big toe. This joint can have multiple issues. Some of the common ones are listed below.

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November 11, 2020/ Ankle & Foot / Jason Tartaglione

Wait, what? My ankle joint can be replaced?

However, few patients are aware of ankle arthritis, as it is far less common than hip and knee arthritis, and the ways in which it can be treated. Biomechanically, the ankle joint demonstrates a significantly decreased surface area as compared to other load-bearing joints such as the hip and knee. Therefore, ankle cartilage (the soft tissue lining of joints) and its properties are inherently different from hip and knee cartilage. The most common cause of

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September 10, 2020/ Ankle & Foot / Dr. Anthony Deluise


When your feet hurt your whole body is affected. Luckily in the past couple of decades there has been great advances in shoe technology. It is also fairly easy to find a pedorthist ( C.Ped) or certified Orthopedic Shoe technician (O.S.T.) to assist in finding the right shoe type, obtain a custom fit and OTC orthotics if needed. We all know the importance of a good fitting pair of shoes but did you know that no one lacing pattern is perfect for all feet? If fact changing the way you lace your shoes may greatly affect comfort and foot health depending on your foot type. One foot issue that is common in women is.....

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August 21, 2020/ Ankle & Foot / Dr. George Moniz

What are Prescription Custom Orthotics?

I have often been asked what the difference is between a custom orthotic and a shoe insert. Custom orthotics are specifically made devices designed to support, brace and biomechanically correct your feet. Prescription custom orthotics are crafted and specifically made for you and no one else. They match the contours of your feet precisely and are designed for the way you walk. Orthotics are only manufactured after a Podiatrist has conducted a complete evaluation of your feet, ankles, and legs, so the orthotic can accommodate your unique foot structure and pathology. Custom prescribed and fabricated orthotics are....

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May 14, 2020/ Ankle & Foot ORI Blog / Orthopedics Rhode Island

VIDEO: Physician Assistant Jarred Trouve on Ankle Sprains

In the newest entry of our providers’ educational video series, PA Jarred Trouve addresses common misconceptions about ankle sprains, and explains treatments like ice, anti-inflammatory medication, the use of a brace, and physical therapy.

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January 9, 2020/ Ankle & Foot Hand/Wrist Health / Dr. Eric Buchbaum

Frostbite and Cold Weather Injuries

With winter here bringing colder temperatures and wet weather in our area; cold related injuries become more of a concern. The most severe cold weather injury, frostbite, is the catch-phrase many attribute to any cold related injury to the skin. Chilblains and Trench Foot are some lesser known and less severe forms of injury worth noting. Education and prevention can go a long way in ensuring you are able to enjoy your outdoor activities (or just necessary activities) during the colder months safely.

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November 15, 2019/ Ankle & Foot ORI Blog / Orthopedics Rhode Island

INFOGRAPHIC: Helping Patients Standing Up to Diabetes

November is National Diabetes Month, so we're offering a friendly reminder that diabetes management often starts at the bottom: your feet!

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November 6, 2019/ Ankle & Foot / Dr. Tony Mechrefe       

My Aching Bunions!

We hear the word bunion thrown around all the time, and there is a ton of misinformation out there regarding where they come from, how they are treated, and what its like to have one repaired….and I say repaired and not removed, because when it comes to fixing a bunion, its not like having a bad appendix removed, its about straightening an angled bone and mal-aligned joint. So lets start at the beginning…....

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July 31, 2019/ Ankle & Foot / Arlene Kavanagh

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a very common issue across all age groups. It affects the young, the old, the active, and the not-so-active. The onset is usually gradual, with worsening pain in the heel and/or bottom of the foot, particularly the first few steps in the morning. It is mostly unilateral, but can affect both feet simultaneously. There are many risk factors for plantar fasciitis including .....

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